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How does skin needling work?

The Dermapen 4 is a device which contains 16 medical grade sterile micro-needles in a disposable cartridge which glide over the skin and move vertically up and down penetrating the surface of the skin to a depth determined by your therapist specific for your skins needs. This delivers thousands of controlled micro-trauma injuries to the upper layer of the skin which kickstarts your body’s natural healing and repair mechanisms, promoting collagen and elastin production. In the process your body naturally replaces the damaged tissues including old scarring, wrinkles, stretch marks and scarring. This can produce surprisingly effective results in just a few short treatments with imperfections visibly being replaced by plump, glowing fresh collagen.

What is the procedure?

At the beginning your treatment your therapist will thoroughly cleanse the skin on the area being treated. The skin is then disinfected and a intensive moisturising hyaluronic acid serum treatment is applied ready for the skin needling to commence. The needling involves gliding the head of the Dermapen 4 device over the skin in a smooth sweeping motion allowing the needles to penetrate in and out of the skin to the desired depth according to your skin type and treatment objectives. You will feel a slight sensation associated with the needling, some areas a slight sting but all very tolerable; most people find the feeling quite satisfying or therapeutic. Some areas such as the forehead, hairline and jawline areas may be more sensitive than others, and if you do feel any discomfort you should notify your therapist and they can alter the speed and/or depth accordingly. Once the needling is complete your therapist will apply a compress face mask to which soothes the skin and boosts the healing process. We recommend following your treatment with an LED light therapy session3 days post your session which complements the micro-needling by activating the collagen production within the skin and really boosting the recovery process.

What to expect after your treatment?

Stage 1 – 1 -2 days Inflammation Immediately after your treatment is complete your skin will usually feel quite warm and slightly raw, a bit like a case of mild sunburn and there will be a redness and inflammation present, possibly with some pinpoint bleeding. This will vary according to skin tone and sensitivity with results usually more apparent on fairer skin types in particular. Within 2-3 hours some of the inflammation will have subsided and any pinpoint bleeding will have stopped. Within 24 hours you can resume your normal skincare routine and everyday activities. During this phase the body is largely still in alarm and repair mode and white blood cells are storming the area to disinfect and clear debris in order to allow the repair process to get underway. Minor downtime is typically experienced during this phase with most patient’s opting to have a treatment then return home, and are able to return to work or attend social appointments the following day with no issues. Stage 2 - 3-5 days – Healing From day 3 onwards your skin should have returned to its typical complexion however it will feel softer and fuller and more radiant than normal, with a healthy glow about it that often surprises people. In this phase the body is now well into the repair process with an abundance of fibroblasts, keratinocytes and epidermal cells flooding the area to create new healthy growth on the repair sites. From this phase onwards patient’s skin will look better than it did pre-treatment, and no down-time should be experienced. It is highly recommended during this phase to stay out of direct sunlight & wear an all day sunscreen and to avoid chlorinated swimming pools if possible. Lather that SPF & wear a hat! Some skin flaking may occur during this phase and is not a cause for concern, rather an integral part of the healing and repair process. Indeed it is a sign that the treatment has worked effectively and to the right depth of penetration. Phase 3 (days 6–30) Remodelling This is the final stage of the repair process where the newly created collagen and elastic forms healthy new skin growth, in doing so remodelling the surface of the skin leaving a slightly renewed appearance compared to pre-treatment. The result being a dermis which contracts, causing a tighter, fuller skin surface and a radiant youthful glow.

Why is skin needing so effective?

Skin needling utilises micro needles to create microscopic trauma sites onto the skin’s surface, piercing the outermost layer of the epidermis (the stratum corneum). These trauma sites act as a signal to the body’s natural repair mechanisms and it responds by sending a burst of skin cells including fibroblasts to the sites which then form new collagen fibres and work to repair the microscopic damage. The nature of the even and repetitive trauma sites causes the new collagen to repair from the bottom up and in doing so evenly fills the skin’s surface levelling out scars and wrinkles and replacing pigmentation in the process. This results in more even, thicker, fuller and more elastic skin than pre-treatment, and tends to remove blemishes and pigmentation over time.

What are the benefits of microneedling?

Microneedling is becoming very popular treatment as it has a number of benefits: The microchannels created by microneedling increase the absorption rate of serums, increasing their overall efficacy. Medical studies have shown that microneedling can increase serum absorption by as much as 1,000 times. It can be performed on all skin types and most areas on the body. Microneedling can be combined with other acne scar treatments like subcision, chemical peeling, microdermabrasion and fractional resurfacing giving maximum benefits. It leads to regenerative healing, as opposed to cicatricial healing (with a risk of scar tissue formation) with most other alternative treatments. It is more affordable than laser resurfacing and does not have the associated risks. Six to ten sessions at a gap of four weeks are generally sufficient. Can be easily personalized by going deeper in some areas where skin damage requires a more aggressive approach.

Microneedling vs lasers vs chemical peels vs microdermabrasion. Which is better?

Treatments such as laser resurfacing or dermabrasion, offer a significant improvement in facial scars but are invariably associated with considerable downtime and longer recovery time. This interferes with the individuals’ daily activities. Treatments with microdermabrasion and non-ablative lasers are associated with minimal downtime but do not show the same level of efficacy as microneedling. Microneedling can be used on areas that chemical peels or laser resurfacing cannot, such as on lips, eyelids & around the eyes. With a lower risk of hyperpigmentation and scarring, it’s safer for darker skin tones than lasers. Deep chemical peeling used for the treatment for scars may render the skin more sensitive to photo damage and dyschromia. In contrast, microneedling preserves and thickens the epidermis over time.

History of skin needling

Skin needling as a procedure can be traced back to the early 1900s when in 1994 a Swiss-French dermatologist Dr Philippe Simonin published the results of his “Electroridopuncture (ERP) technique” which examined the results of treating scarring and skin ageing in 600 patients. In 1997 Andrea Camirand, a Canadian surgeon, published a report on the use of ink-less tattoo guns to improve scarring on patients via breakdown of scar collagen tissue and the synthesis of new tissue due to the natural repair process catalysed by the micro-traumas induced by the repetitive needle injuries. In the year 2000 the Dermaroller was patented by German inventor Professor Horst Liebl, which heralded a significant breakthrough in the field and enabled much more rapid and significantly less tedious treatment times, opening up the commercial appeal. In 2011 the original Dermapen 1 was created by Stene Marshall right here in Sydney, Australia, and a decade later the 4th generation device represents the state of the art in modern medical grade skin needling treatment.

What is a typical treatment plan?

Treatment plans are tailored to you by your aesthetician at Touch of Genius. Depending on your particular concerns, there will be a variation in the number of sessions necessary and weeks in between each session. Listed below is a general guide of what treatment plan you can expect in order to receive optimal results and resolution of your concern. Overall rejuvenation - 3-6 treatments - 6-8 weeks apart Acne scarring - 4-6 treatments - 6-8 weeks apart Stretch marks - 4-8 treatments - 6-8 weeks apart Pigmentation - 4-6 treatments - 2-4 weeks apart

What conditions can be treated with Skin Needling?

Fine lines and Wrinkles

Ageing skin droops and develops wrinkles, lines and furrows. The severity of these changes in an individual depends on the genetic tendency, skin type and exposure to environmental factors. Wrinkles occur when the skin loses suppleness and tightness as it ages. It is seen more commonly in areas of skin which are stretched regularly such as around the eyes (crow’s feet), forehead and mouth. By renewing the production of collagen the skin becomes plumped out, thicker and retains its elasticity.

Acne scarring

A significant proportion of acne sufferers will have some form of scarring to show for it. Medical studies suggest that between 30% and 95% of patients with acne develop some form of scarring. Importantly, seeking early treatment for acne helps to reduce the risk and severity of acne scarring. Microneedling mechanically breakdowns existing scarring and stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, vital components of healthy skin. This has the effect of smoothing out the skin due to the reduction of the size and depth of acne scars. Clients usually have an immediate glow to the skin, but the visible changes develop over a course of several days and weeks. Results can continue to improve for up to 6 months after the treatment as collagen production continues. Not all acne scars are well suited to treated by microneedling. In particular, microneedling is not well suited to treat keloid scars as there is mixed evidence of its effectiveness. Keloid scars are formed when scar tissue forms on the skin in excess, because of excess collagen production. Individuals with keloids scars should consider alternative treatments such as the use of steroids.

Stretch marks

Stretch marks are caused by prolonged skin distension due to pregnancy and weight gain. It can also be caused by prolonged use of oral and topical corticosteroids which hinder the formation of collagen and elastin fibres. There is no effective treatment to correct stretch marks as the epidermis in stretch marks is weakened and the support structure beneath it is compromised. Microneedling will improve the density of the epidermis by stimulating the epidermal growth factor but it is important not to overpromise results.


Rosacea is most commonly seen after age 30, and may initially resemble a simple sunburn or a mysterious redness. Early treatment is key. Rosacea cannot be cured but it can be controlled. Microneedling can help control rosacea by stimulating the epidermal growth factor which increases the density of the epidermis. This lessens the appearance of vessels beneath the skin and the overall redness. It strengths collagen in both vessel walls and connective tissue that supports the vessels. It also increases the availability of cell nutrients and antioxidants.

Hair loss

Hair loss can be caused due to a variety of factors such as genetics, iron deficiency, infections (bacterial, fungal and parasitic) and hypothyroidism. Microneedling can help correct hair loss by increasing the availability of cell nutrients and stimulating blood flow in the scalp. It releases vascular endothelial growth factor which promotes hair growth and increases hair follicle size. Microneedling is primarily used in combination with topical products such as Minoxidil.


Pigmentation occurs in two different forms — passive and inflammatory. Inflammatory pigmentation occurs as a result of the activation of our skin’s natural defence mechanisms. Melanin moves up to defend against trauma caused by factors such as sun exposure, poor products or injury. Passive pigmentation results from an internal imbalance which stimulates the melanin stimulating hormone. These imbalances can be caused bby pregnancy, hormonal imbalances, the contraceptive pill and various medications. Microneedling can correct pigmentation by increasing the availability of skin lightening actives. It also normalizes the cell signalling function which when overstimulated, causes overproduction of pigment.


At Touch of Genius our highly trained cosmetic nurses are here to help with your aesthetic needs. Anti-Wrinkle & Dermal Fillers are some of the most effective, non-surgical treatments. Driven by results, our nurses use only the best professional products & undertake extensive training to ensure you can feel comfortable in our chair. 



Mia is a Nurse Practitioner with more than 10 years of experience and she loves nothing more than making her clients feel good about themselves.

She has an eye for symmetry, and will create a bespoke, non-surgical treatment plan to have you looking and feeling your best.


With a particular love for the beauty industry and cosmetic medicine, after receiving her first injectables treatments a few years ago, she naturally progressed to learning the skills herself.


Having received Australia's best standard of nursing education for non-surgical aesthetic treatments, Mia has joined Touch of Genius to bring you her incredible standard of service delivering amazing results through cosmetic injectable treatments


Book now to have a discussion about your bespoke treatment plan, and keep your eyes peeled for new services to come!